更新日: 2017-11-16 10:39:51

ニュージーランド金融市場局が仮想通貨は証券であると発表

著者: OKWAVE-ICO-NEWS

編集者: OKWAVE-ICO-NEWS

閲覧数: 1756

Okgn btn gudie info favorite

0

関連タグ:

はじめに

Photo by TokenNews

2017.11.03

STEP1 ニュージーランド金融市場局が仮想通貨は証券であると発表


10月25日に、ニュージーランド金融市場局(FMA)がトークンの発行と仮想通貨に関するコメントを公開しました。

FMAによると、FMC Actの下では全てのトークンと仮想通貨は金融商品ではなくても、証券になります。証券とは、投資や金融リスクを管理させる、又はさせようとするファシリティやアレンジメント契約のことを指します。



下記 ニュージーランド金融市場局(FMA)公式HPより



What are coin and token events?

Initial coin offers (ICOs) and token events are a form of
fundraising where you receive tokens that carry certain rights, such as
providing access to a new product or service, or an interest in an
underlying asset or project.


Are they regulated?

The extent to which an ICO is regulated depends on whether a
‘financial product’ is being offered to retail investors in New Zealand
(ie a ‘regulated offer’ is being made). The Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013 (FMC Act) sets out four types of financial product:debt securities,equity securities,managed investment products,derivatives.

Whether a token offered via an ICO is a particular type of financial
product depends on its specific characteristics and economic substance.


Are tokens securities?

All tokens or cryptocurrencies are securities under the FMC Act –
even those that are not financial products. A security is any
arrangement or facility that has, or is intended to have, the effect of a
person making an investment or managing a financial risk.

If appropriate, we can designate any security to be a particular
financial product based on its economic substance. For example, a
project token giving investors voting rights and a share in the company
and its profits could be designated an equity security. Any designation
would likely be accompanied by an exemption to modify FMC Act disclosure
and governance requirements.


ニュージーランドに基盤を置くトークンや仮想通貨の発行者は金融市場局が要求する以下の法的義務を遵守する必要があります。


  • be a member of a dispute resolution scheme if the financial services are provided to retail clients
  • be registered on the Financial Service Providers Register (FSPR) for
    each category of financial service you provide. Token or cryptocurrency
    issuers may be ‘operating a value transfer service’ or ‘issuing and
    managing means of payment’
  • pay the applicable fees and levies for the relevant categories of financial service you provide
  • comply with the fair dealing provisions in Part 2 of the FMC Act.
    These prohibit misleading conduct and deceptive statements being made in
    relation to financial services
  • comply with anti-money laundering obligations.

原文;ニュージーランド金融市場局


まとめ

【PR】

このガイドは役に立ちましたか?ガイドの著者にお礼を伝えよう!

Okgn btn gudie info thunks b

0

関連タグ:

当ガイドは作成日時点での情報です。ガイド内容の実施はご自身の責任の元、ご利用いただきますようお願いいたします。

このガイドを通報する